Leiurus quinquestriatus

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This is a specific care sheet for Deathstalker Scorpions (Leiurus quinquestriatus), for more in this genus see Category:Leiurus.

Species Information Bar
Deathstalker Scorpion care sheet
Leiurus quinquestriatus
An adult Deathstalker Scorpion
An adult Deathstalker Scorpion
Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Subphylum: Chelicerata

Class: Arachnida

Subclass: Dromopoda

Order: Scorpiones

Suborder: Neoscorpiones

Family: Buthidae

Subfamily: Buthinae

Genus: Leiurus

Species: L. quinquestriatus

Commonly known as the Deathstalker Scorpion or Arabian Deathstalker Scorpion. Other names frequently used include the Omdurman scorpion and the Israeli Desert scorpion.


Scorpion Information (for a more detailed Scorpion care review see Scorpion Care Sheet
Key Information Bar
Regions Found: Deserts and scrubland from the Middle East to Northern Africa, particularly Egypt.
Class: Burrowing
Longevity: 6 years
Adult Scorpion Size: 3.5-4.5 inches
Temperament: Aggressive and nervous
Claws: Strong pedipalps
Sting Potency: Very strong cocktail of neurotoxins
Leiurus quinquestriatus Housing Requirements
Scorpion Housing: Minimum 5 gallon glass tank with 4 inches of substrate and locking roof
Temperature range: 21-27°C (70-80°F)
Humidity range: Very low. Should be kept dry with occasional misting.
Special Requirements: Suitable in small groups up to three.
Leiurus quinquestriatus Breeding
Breeding Difficulty: Difficult
Birth Size: 25-35
Danger to Male: unknown
Leiurus quinquestriatus Diet
A scorpions diet should consist mainly of livefood insects such as crickets, locust, butter worms, meal worms, superworms, houseflies and cockroaches.
Recommended Pet Supplies for Leiurus quinquestriatus

Introduction[edit]

Despite the inherent danger in keeping such a highly venomous species of scorpion, the "Deathstalker" can be found in the exotic pet trade. They are a hardy specimen, and will feed readily on a diet of crickets. They are a particularly nervous species, and will become highly aggressive if threatened, and is therefore only recommended for the most experienced of keepers. As with any dangerous scorpion, anyone considering making a purchase should think thoroughly of the consequences one may suffer if they were to receive a sting. Depending on the jurisdiction in which the keeper lives, some form of license or insurance policy may be required in order to possess a dangerous scorpion. Extra precautions must be taken to ensure that the scorpion cannot escape.

Temperature[edit]

The temperature requirements for the Deathstalker Scorpion are 21-27°C (70-80°F).

To achieve these conditions, a range of appliances are available. Specially designed heating pads for this purpose are available on the market and help to maintain consistent ambient air temperatures within the enclosure. Temperatures should be closely monitored and inspected at regular intervals, the most efficient way to do this is too have multiple thermometers located around the enclosure at different heights and locations. For example, having one at substrate level and then a further one at the highest point your scorpion has access too.

Humidity[edit]

They should be kept in a humidity environment of between 65-70%, and they will drink from a wide, shallow water dish.

To successfully maintain the desired humidity conditions for your scorpion you are going to need a hygrometer. A hygrometer is a device used to measure relative humidity within the enclosure.

Ailments[edit]

Scorpions are generally quite hardy and adaptable if they are provided with the correct environment. A few signs that may indicate that your pet is not acting or feeling normal are a loss of appetite, acting listless or sluggish, having an overly swollen stomach, and missing or deformed limbs. Another problem can be an infestation of mites.

Molting[edit]

One of the most common reasons for the death in scorpions is the moult. The scorpion has a tough outer covering, a cuticle, that forms a rigid exoskeleton. All scorpions must shed their old exoskeleton and secrete a new one in order to grow, this is called the moult. Scorpions will moult from 6 to 10 times during their lifetime. This moulting process takes a lot of energy and they are very vulnerable for a couple of days after the moult until their new skin hardens. For about 24 hours prior to moulting it is not unusual for a scorpion to get quite sluggish. A difficult moult can result in lost or deformed limbs, or death. This is thought to be related to humidity levels. There can be either too much humidity or too little, depending on the species. In captivity a lot of immature scorpions die during the moulting process.

Other problems[edit]

Though many scorpions can go for long periods of time without eating, overfeeding can cause an overly swollen stomach as well as the loss of appetite, and even death. The stomach can be slightly swollen from regular eating, and this is not a problem. Another problem can be an infestation of mites. Uneaten food can attract mites, which are very dangerous and stressful to scorpions. Be sure to remove old food.